The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
There is no doubt that insect pollination is a vital service for both wild and agricultural systems. Without insect pollinators, roughly a third of the world's crops would flower, only to fade and then lie barren. Unmanaged native bees provide critical pollination services to many important crops. Many vegetable crops are either dependent on, or produce higher yields when pollinated by bees.
- Insect Ecology
- Insect dispersal
- Insecticide resistance management
- Plant-Insect Interactions
Veterinary entomology is the study of insects that cause disease or that are vectors of organisms that cause disease in animals.
- Household Pests
- Field crops Entomology
- Greenhouse Horticulture Entomology
- Floriculture Entomology
- Fruit Entomology
- Engaged Entomology
- Medical Entomology
- Vegetable Entomology
Veterinary Pharmaceuticals is an important field for treating the medical problems of wild animals, domestic pets, working animals, and livestock. It has been traced back to Egyptian times in ancient writings which referred to animal hospitals. Today, animals are treated with the help of many advanced diagnostic and therapeutic techniques. Animals receive care medically, dentally, and surgically, which may include such procedures as hip replacements, cataract extractions, vaccinations, or root canals. Veterinarians also educate pet owners in caring for their pet, often through feeding or breeding.
Selecting for breeding animals with superior EBV in growth rate, egg, meat, milk, or wool production, or with other desirable traits has revolutionized livestock production throughout the world. It is the management and care of farm animals by humans for profit, in which genetic qualities and behavior, considered to be advantageous to humans, are further developed. The term can refer to the practice of selectively breeding and raising livestock to promote desirable traits in animals for utility, sport, pleasure, or research. Breeding techniques such as artificial insemination and embryo transfer are frequently used today, not only as methods to guarantee that females breed regularly but also to help improve herd genetics. On the one hand, this improves the ability of the animals to convert feed to meat, milk, or fiber more efficiently, and improve the quality of the final product. On the other, it decreases genetic diversity, increasing the severity of certain disease outbreaks among other risks.
- Track 14-1Transgenic Animals
- Track 14-2Theriogenology
Animals play a vital role in the society. Animal Health is the inter-link between humans, animals and the surrounding environment. They play the main role in transportation, clothing and Food. Animals provide many benefits to humans. While the company, sport or work satisfy important needs in today's society, we should not overlook that the production of food of animal origin has been historically, and remains one of the fundamental pillars on which is based the Food. A Noteworthy economic importance of farming in our society, not to mention the environmental role of some species like honey bees. It is important for pets, zoo animals and farm animals to stay healthy. The health of animals defines the healthy and wealthy society. Healthy animals contribute to the elimination of hunger, to healthy people and to sustainable food production.
One Health is the integrative effort of multiple disciplines working locally, nationally, and globally to attain optimal health for people, animals, and the environment. Together, the three make up the One Health triad, and the health of each is inextricably connected to the others in the triad. Understanding and addressing the health issues created at this intersection is the foundation for the concept of One Health.
Veterinary forensics is a growing field that holds many opportunities for research. As the field becomes more prominent, new fields of specialization will open up, giving investigators the chance to become experts in one specific aspect of veterinary forensics and each of these new areas of expertise will provide research opportunities. The melding of human and veterinary forensic science will ultimately benefit society, protecting people and animals alike. The future of veterinary forensics is very promising. As the laws against animal cruelty strengthen and as the public becomes less tolerant of animal cruelty, the number of successful animal cruelty prosecutions will increase. Veterinary forensics will play a huge role in the success of these cases by providing the evidence necessary to convince a jury to convict those who abuse animals.
Exotics may be considered any animal of a species that is non-native to and not normally domesticated, and that is produced, sold or kept as pets – that is, for display, amusement and/or companionship. Wild pets are offered for sale at markets in various parts of the world. Europe constitutes a very large market for pet reptiles. Between 2000 and 2005 imports into the EU of protected live reptiles represented 20% of this group in world trade at that time. According to trade statistics, between 2005 and 2007 the EU imported 6.7 million live reptiles. The RSPCA estimates that between 5.9 and 9.8 million live reptiles were imported into the EU in 2009 alone, a substantial rise from the 1.6 million imported in 2005. The majority of these animals were imported without any monitoring or control.
For the past 20 years, we have witnessed an intense but largely unproductive debate over the propriety and value of using animals in medical and scientific research, testing and education. The use of animals for research and testing is only one of many investigative techniques available. We believe that although animal experiments are sometimes intellectually seductive, they are poorly suited to addressing the urgent health problems of our era, such as heart disease, cancer, stroke, AIDS and birth defects. Even worse, animal experiments can mislead researchers or even contribute to illnesses or deaths by failing to predict the toxic effects of drugs. Fortunately, other, more reliable methods that represent a far better investment of research funds can be employed.
The use of laboratory Animals in Scientific Research has been a subject of debate for over a century. Though the animals were first used in research in second century AD their systematic use in research began about 100 years ago, when vaccines for polio and rabies came up for production. Since then, the animals have been used in research investigations and production of biologicals and have played an important role in unfolding vital information about the human and animal life processes. This has helped in the advancement of medicine, development of drugs, diagnostics and production of biologicals for alleviating sufferings of both human and animals. adequate veterinary care is an integral component of humane animal care and use in research, teaching and testing and further, that the state of animal well-being ensured through adequate veterinary care is essential to reliability of results from experimentation with animals.
Veterinary science covers all spheres of animal life, from farm animal husbandry to looking after family pets. There is also a key role for members of the profession as guardians of human health in the context of disease transmission from animal or animal products to man. The beginning of the 21st century finds the veterinary profession and its work held in high esteem by the general public and a source of considerable interest, with unprecedented exposure of veterinary matters in the popular media. Veterinarians are regarded as guardians of animal health and welfare, and the veterinary schools have a responsibility to continue to produce graduates in whom the public will have confidence.
Animal nourishment concentrates on the dietary needs of domesticated animals, principally those in horticulture and food production. There are seven noteworthy classes of supplements: sugars, fats, fiber, minerals, protein, vitamin, and water. Most foods contain a blend of a few or the greater part of the supplement classes, together with different substances, for example, toxins or different sorts. A few supplements can be stored internally (e.g., the fat solvent vitamins), while others are required pretty much persistently. Weakness can be caused by an absence of required supplements or, in extraordinary cases, a lot of a required supplement.